Thursday, 25 August 2016

YANKEV ZINGER (JACOB SINGER)

YANKEV ZINGER (JACOB SINGER) (December 25, 1902-May 9, 1963)
            He was born in Tsoyzmer (Sandomierz), Poland.  He studied in religious elementary school, synagogue study chamber, yeshiva, and with private tutors.  He later attended public high school.  During the war between Poland and Soviet Russia, 1919-1920, he served in the 24th regiment under General Haller, was wounded, and returned to Sandomierz in 1920.  He was active in the local library and drama association.  He was a cofounder of the first secular Jewish school in Sandomierz and for a time also a teacher of Yiddish and history in the school.  He contributed to building a trade union organization for the local Jewish workers.  In 1923 he moved to the United States.  He settled initially in Cleveland, later moving to New York where he graduated “high school”; he also studied in the Workmen’s Circle teachers’ seminary and later, 1926-1944, worked as a teacher in schools of the Workmen’s Circle and the International Workers Order (IWO).  He published correspondence pieces in: Haynt (Today) and Der yud (The Jew) in Warsaw; and Forverts (Forward), Frayhayt (Freedom), and Fraye arbeter-shtime (Free voice of labor) in New York.  He wrote dramatic works for the schoolroom.  His books include: Dramen (Dramas) (Los Angeles, 1954), which includes Khayim solomon (Haym Solomon), two acts and eight scenes, 114 pp., and Miryems kholem (Miriam’s dream), two acts and seven scenes, 88 pp.; Dramatishe shriftn (Dramatic writings) (Tel Aviv: Perets Publ., 1960), including twelve works with different pagination; Der yunger dzheykobs, roman (The young Jacobs, a novel) (Tel Aviv: Hamenorah, 1963), 513 pp.  He also contributed to Kalifornyer yontef-bleter (California holiday sheets) in Los Angeles.  He published under such pen names as: Y. Saymon and Arye Tsozmer.  He died in Los Angeles.



Sources: Dr. D. Bridzher, in Kheshbn (Los Angeles) 6 (1955); Der Lebediker, in Tog (New York) (May 23, 1955); Dr. A. Mukdoni, in Tsukunft (New York) (May-June 1955); Dr. A. B. G., in Nyu-yorker vokhnblat (New York) (August 1955); Y. Mestel, in Yidishe kultur (New York) (August-September 1955); Z. Zilbertsvayg, Leksikon fun yidishn teater (Handbook of the Yiddish theater), vol. 3, pp. 2322-23.

[Additional information from: Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), col. 264.]


LUI-RUVN ZIMLIN

LUI-RUVN ZIMLIN
            He was the author of Ben hazmanim (Between times) (Warsaw, 1904), concerning itinerant school teachers in towns.

Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), col. 264.


SHLOYME ZIMILES

SHLOYME ZIMILES (b. 1896)
            He was the author of Di zun unter volkns (The sun beneath the clouds) (Tel Aviv: Or, 1976), 110 pp., a volume of poems and jottings.

Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), col. 263.


HENRIK ZIMAN

HENRIK ZIMAN (1910-July 15, 1985)
            He was born in the village of Kurdimkstai, Lithuania.  He graduated from the biology faculty of Kovno University.  Over the years 1930-1940, he was a teacher in Vilkomir (Ukmergė) and Kovno Jewish high schools.  From 1933 he was an active Communist.  He was editor of Emes (Truth).  He wrote in Sovetish heymland (Soviet homeland).  His books include: Di sovetishe yidn, patryotn fun zeyer sotsyalistish heymland (Soviet Jews, patriots of their socialist homeland) (Moscow: Sovetish heymland, 1984), 62 pp.  He died in Vilna.

Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), col. 263.


YOYEL ZINGER (ELIAS SINGER)

YOYEL ZINGER (ELIAS SINGER) (August 9, 1896-June 25, 1959)
            He was born in the colony of Lusienville, number 3, Basavilbaso, Entre Rios Province, Argentina.  His father Moyshe Zinger (who came from the colony of Aleksandrye, near Belz, in Bessarabia) was a cantor in Lusienville.  Yoyel Zinger received a traditional Jewish education in his father’s home.  He also studied in the local YIKO (Jewish Cultural Organization) school.  At age fourteen (1910), he moved on his own to Buenos Aires to study.  He graduated as a medical doctor in 1923.  From home he carried within himself a love of the Yiddish language: his father and all five brothers (ten children in all) read Yiddish books, and as the youngest he would read out loud for his mother (Gitl Vantman) from Sholem-Aleykhem and other Yiddish writers.  Furthermore, in his first years in Buenos Aires, he lived with a proud Russian Jewish family, in which Yiddish was spoken.  On his own, he subscribed to Kundes (Prankster) and Di yudishe gazette (The Jewish gazette) from New York.  In 1925 he began to publish his own articles about popular medicine in the newspaper Dos folk (The people), edited by D. Lomonosov in Buenos Aires, and later in Idisher tsaytung (Jewish newspaper) in Buenos Aires.  He also published articles on community issues in Der shpigl (The mirror) and Davke (Necessarily) in Buenos Aires.  In April 1931 he founded and edited the Argentinian publication Folks-gezunt (People’s health), which he wrote himself and translated foreign articles from Spanish and French.  He was in contact with Dr. Ts. Shabad, the editor of the first, Vilna-based publication of the same name.  In book form, he published: Der mentsh un zayn gezunt (Man and his health), a collection of popular treatises on medicine (Buenos Aires, 1958), 320 pp.  He also translated the following from Yiddish into Spanish: Auschwitz (Buenos Aires, 1952), 170 pp., by Philip Friedman; Henekh or Un niño judío salio del ghetto (A Jewish boy left the ghetto) (Buenos Aires, 171 pp.) by Yankev Pat; Errando por zonas de ocupación (Wandering into occupation areas [original: A vanderung iber okupirte gebitn] (Buenos Aires, 1947), 271 pp., by Tanya Fuks; and Sh. Katsherginski’s Ikh bin geven a partisan (di grine legende) (I was a partisan, the green legend) (Buenos Aires, 1952).  From Spanish and French into Yiddish: Di muter un dos kind (Mother and child [original: Mère un enfant]) by Charles-Louis Philippe (Buenos Aires: self-publ., 1951), 156 pp.  He also penned an introduction to: Shmerke katsherginski ondenk-bukh (Memoirs of Shmerke Katsherginski) (Buenos Aires, 1955), pp. 73-75.  Zinger was also involved in community activities in Buenos Aires, gave public lectures in Yiddish on social illnesses, was for many years vice-chairman of YIVO, and chaired ORT (Association for the Promotion of Skilled Trades) and OZE (Obschestvo zdravookhraneniia evreev—Society for the Protection of the Health of the Jewish Population), the administrative committee of the Bialik School, and the agricultural board of directors of the Jewish National Fund.  He identified politically with Mapai (Workers’ Party in the Land of Israel).


Zinger as a young postman,
working his way through medical school

Sources: P. Vyernik, in Morgn-zhurnal (New York) (December 6, 1931); Antologye fun der yidisher literatur in argentine (Anthology of Yiddish literature in Argentina) (Buenos Aires, 1944), p. 937; Kh. Yafe, in Tog (New York) (January 1, 1956); Y. Varshavski, in Forverts (New York) (February 23, 1958; April 29, 1959); Nina Tenenboym, in Der shpigl (Buenos Aires) (January-February 1959); Sh. Rozhanski, in Di idishe tsaytung (Buenos Aires) (June 26, 1959); obituary notice in Di prese (Buenos Aires) and in Di yidishe tsaytung (June 26 and June 27, 1959); Y. Horn, in Di idishe tsaytung (June 29, 1959); Y. Botoshanski, in Di prese (July 1, 1959); F. Lerner, in Der shpigl (July 1959); Sh. S. (Suskovitsh), in Davke (Buenos Aires) (July-September 1959); Dr. E. Pat, in Der fraynd (New York) (August-September 1959); Dr. L. Kurland and Sh. Rozhanski, in Folks-gezunt (Paris) (September-October 1959); Kurland, in Tsukunft (New York) (February 1960).


Wednesday, 24 August 2016

SHIYE ZINGER

SHIYE ZINGER (March 15, 1877-September 16, 1952)
            He wrote under the pen name of Aḥizevel.  He was born in Navaredok (Novogrudok), Byelorussia.  He later moved to London, England, and from there in 1912 moved on to North America.  For a short time he lived in New York, later moving to Toronto, Canada.  He began writing in London, publishing in local publications: Hatsofe (The spectator), Hashulamis (The Shulamite), Der telefon (The telephone), Der lustiker telefon (The joyous telephone), Londoner tageblat (London daily newspaper), and Idisher ekspres (Jewish express).  Later, in New York, he published in Kundes (Prankster) and Idisher beker (Jewish baker); and in Toronto in Idisher zhurnal (Jewish journal).  He died in Toronto.  Further biographical information remains unknown.


H. ZINGER

H. ZINGER (b. ca. 1905)
            He hailed from Galicia.  In 1930 he moved to Belgium and until 1940 worked as a diamond polisher in Antwerp.  He authored the pamphlet: Fir yor unter di daytshn in belgye (Four years under the Germans in Belgium), the first authentic report, described by a Jew, who spent the entire period of the German occupation in hiding in Belgium (Montreal, 1945), 26 pp.  Portions of his report, written for the underground fighting organization, to which he belonged in Belgium, were translated into French and published in the illegal Belgian and French press during the Nazi occupation.  In 1945 the report was published serially in Keneder odler (Canadian eagle) in Montreal, with a preface by Ts. H. Vaksman.  There are two versions of Zinger’s death: (1) he was killed early in 1945 by the Nazis; and (2) he died after the liberation of Belgium.

Sources: Information from Leyb Hiler and other Jewish refugees from Belgium, now settled in New York.